Indexed on: 01 Jan '71Published on: 01 Jan '71Published in: Theoretical and Applied Genetics
Replicate lines, each, with one hundred pairs of parents selected at 50% intensity, were derived from an inbred line. For twenty generations three lines were selected without irradiation and five with 1000 r X-rays per generation given to both females and males. After adjustment for level of crowding in the cultures, the final mean was 1.3 bristles higher in females and 1.0 bristles higher in males in the irradiated lines than in the unirradiated lines. In terms of phenotypic standard deviations in each sex in the base population, these total responses were 0.74 and 0.59 respectively. Radiation can induce mutations useful in increasing responses in selection programmes, but the average response attributable to radiation is small, and heterogeneity between replicate lines is to be expected.