SELDI-TOF-MS of saliva: methodology and pre-treatment effects.

Research paper by Raymond R Schipper, Arnoud A Loof, Jolan J de Groot, Lucien L Harthoorn, Eric E Dransfield, Waander W van Heerde

Indexed on: 31 Oct '06Published on: 31 Oct '06Published in: Journal of Chromatography B


Interest in saliva as a diagnostic fluid for monitoring general health and for early diagnosis of disease has increased in the last few years. In particular, efforts have focused on the generation of protein maps of saliva using advanced proteomics technology. Surface-enhanced laser-desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS) is a novel high throughput and extremely sensitive proteomic approach that allows protein expression profiling of large sets of complex biological specimens. In this study, large scale profiling of salivary proteins and peptides, ranging from 2 to 100kDa was demonstrated using SELDI-TOF-MS. Various methodological aspects and pre-analytical variables were analysed with respect to their effects on saliva SELDI-TOF-MS profiling. Results show that chip surface type and sample type (unstimulated versus stimulated) critically affect the amount and composition of detected salivary proteins. Factors that influenced normal saliva protein profiling were matrix composition, sample dilution and binding buffer properties. Delayed processing time experiments show certain new peptides evolving 3h post-saliva donation, and quantitative analyses indicate relative intensity of other proteins and peptides changing with time. The addition of protease inhibitors partly counteracted the destabilization of certain protein/peptide mass spectra over time suggesting that some proteins in saliva are subject to digestion by intrinsic salivary proteases. SELDI-TOF-MS profiles also changed by varying storage time and storage temperature whereas centrifugation speed and freeze-thaw cycles had minimal impact. In conclusion, SELDI-TOF-MS offers a high throughput platform for saliva protein and peptide profiling, however, (pre-)analytical conditions must be taken into account for valid interpretation of the acquired data.