Second messenger signaling of c-fos gene induction by parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related peptide in osteoblastic osteosarcoma cells: its role in osteoblast proliferation and osteoclast-like cell formation.

Research paper by J J Kano, T T Sugimoto, M M Kanatani, Y Y Kuroki, T T Tsukamoto, M M Fukase, K K Chihara

Indexed on: 01 Nov '94Published on: 01 Nov '94Published in: Journal of Cellular Physiology


The present study was performed to clarify second messenger signaling in parathyroid hormone (PTH)-induced c-fos gene expression, to characterize the participation of the c-fos gene in the regulation of osteoblast proliferation and function as well as osteoclast-like cell formation by PTH and to compare these effects of PTH with those of PTH-related peptide (PTHrP). Both human (h) PTH-(1-34) and hPTHrP-(1-34) at 10(-8) M induced a transient c-fos gene expression to a similar degree in osteoblastic osteosarcoma cells, UMR-106. N6,O2'-dibutyryl adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (dbcAMP) as well as Sp-diastereoisomer of adenosine cyclic 3',5'-phosphorothioate (Sp-cAMPS), an activator of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), induced a weak c-fos gene expression. Although Rp-diastereoisomer of adenosine cyclic 3',5'-phosphorothioate (Rp-cAMPS), an inhibitor of PKA, almost completely antagonized dbCAMP- and Sp-cAMPS-induced expression of c-fos gene, it did not cause an obvious inhibition of PTH- or PTHrP-induced expression. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), an activator of protein kinase C (PKC), induced an intense expression of the c-fos gene, while 4 alpha-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate (4 alpha PDD), incapable of activating PKC, and calcium ionophores (A23187 and ionomycin) did not. Protein kinase C inhibitor (H-7, 50 microM) completely blocked the expression of the c-fos gene by PTH as well as by PTHrP). Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (as-ODN) complementary to c-fos mRNA, which have been shown to inhibit its mRNA translation, at 1 microM significantly antagonized PTH- and PTHrP-induced inhibition of [3H] thymidine incorporation and stimulation of osteoclast-like cell formation in the presence of osteoblasts, but not an increase in alkaline phosphatase activity, compared to control oligodeoxynucleotides with same nucleotides as as-ODN but with a random sequence. The present study indicates the involvement of PKC system in c-fos gene expression by PTH as well as PTHrP and also indicates the involvement of the c-fos gene in the regulation of bone cell physiology by PTH and PTHrP.