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Scorpion bite prevalence and complications: report from a referral centre in southern Iran.

Research paper by Mohammad Mahdi MM Sagheb, Maryam M Sharifian, Maryam M Moini, Amir Hossein AH Sharifian

Indexed on: 10 Feb '12Published on: 10 Feb '12Published in: Tropical doctor



Abstract

In this study we describe the clinical features of scorpion bites in southern Iran. The records of scorpion bite victims from January 2000 to January 2009 were obtained from the record library of the Shiraz Nemazi Hospital, Shiraz, Iran. A total of 232 scorpion bite patients were included. Only 14 patients (6%) developed systemic complications. Acute renal failure (ARF) and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) were the most prevalent systemic complications. The renal toxicity of scorpion envenomation is mostly due to Hemiscorpius lepturus stings and this complication is more common in younger children. This may be due to a higher ratio of venom to body mass compared with adults. H. lepturus venom is naturally cytotoxic and may bind directly to kidney tissue causing tubular injury and inducing DIC and haemolysis.