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Scaling limit of the uniform prudent walk

Research paper by Nicolas Pétrélis, Rongfeng Sun, Niccolò Torri

Indexed on: 16 Feb '17Published on: 16 Feb '17Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Probability



Abstract

We study the 2-dimensional uniform prudent self-avoiding walk, which assigns equal probability to all nearest-neighbor self-avoiding paths of a fixed length that respect the prudent condition, namely, the path cannot take any step in the direction of a previously visited site. The uniform prudent walk has been investigated with combinatorial techniques in [Bousquet-M\'elou, 2010], while another variant, the kinetic prudent walk has been analyzed in detail in [Beffara, Friedli and Velenik, 2010]. In this paper, we prove that the $2$-dimensional uniform prudent walk is ballistic and follows one of the $4$ diagonals with equal probability. We also establish a functional central limit theorem for the fluctuations of the path around the diagonal.