Indexed on: 10 Mar '17Published on: 10 Mar '17Published in: arXiv - Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect
Majorana zero modes have received widespread attention due to their potential to support topologically protected quantum computing. Emerging as zero-energy states in one-dimensional semiconductors with induced superconductivity, Zeeman coupling, and spin-orbit interaction, Majorana modes have been primarily investigated in individual InSb or InAs nanowires, including recently realized epitaxial hybrid nanowires. Tests of non-Abelian statistics of Majoranas involve braiding or interferometric measurement, requiring branched geometries, which are challenging to realizing using nanowire growth. Scaling to large networks using arrays of assembled nanowire also appears difficult. Here we explore signatures of Majorana zero modes in devices made from a two-dimensional heterostructure using top-down lithography and gating. Scalable top-down fabrication readily allows complex geometries and large networks, paving the way toward applications of Majorana devices.
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