Indexed on: 25 Jun '14Published on: 25 Jun '14Published in: Journal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular Diseases
Pharmacobiologic data suggested that people of African ancestry were more sensitive to the recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, alteplase, than Caucasians. Furthermore, the higher incidences of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in black populations could contribute to a higher cerebral bleeding risk. However, standard-dose (.9-mg/kg) alteplase safety for stroke has never been evaluated in blacks. This study was undertaken to evaluate standard-dose alteplase safety to treat strokes in an Afro-Caribbean population.Parenchymal hemorrhage and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage rates in Afro-Caribbean Martinicans given standard-dose alteplase for acute stroke were evaluated based on prospectively collected data from 2007 to 2010 and compared with those from studies on predominantly Caucasian stroke victims.Parenchymal hemorrhage type 2 and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhages, as defined by the third European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study, respectively, occurred in 15 (10.1%) and 12 (8.1%) of the 148 thrombolyzed Afro-Caribbeans, respectively. This excess bleeding risk (parenchymal hemorrhage type 2) concerned more patients >70 than those 70 years of age or lesser (respectively, 17.6% [13 of 74] vs. 2.7% [2 of 74]). Older age was the only factor significantly associated with a higher parenchymal hemorrhage type 2 risk (P = .02).The excess hemorrhagic risk after standard-dose alteplase infusion into older Afro-Caribbean patients warrants further study to determine the possible role of cerebral microangiopathy and should be evaluated in different black populations.