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Safety Exposure-Response Analysis for Daclatasvir, Asunaprevir, and Beclabuvir Combinations in HCV-Infected Subjects.

Research paper by Mayu M Osawa, Takayo T Ueno, Tomomi T Shiozaki, Hanbin H Li, Tushar T Garimella

Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology



Abstract

The combination regimen of daclatasvir, asunaprevir, and beclabuvir has been developed for the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection. The objectives of this analysis were to characterize the relationship between the exposures of the daclatasvir, asunaprevir, and beclabuvir regimen and liver-related laboratory elevations (Grade 3 or 4 alanine aminotransferase [ALT] and total bilirubin [Tbili]), and to evaluate the impact of selected covariates on the exposure-response relationships. The exposure-response analysis was performed with data from 1 phase 2 and 3 phase 3 studies in hepatitis C virus-infected subjects. The probability of liver-related laboratory elevations were modeled using linear logistic regression. Selected covariates were tested using a forward-addition and backward-elimination approach. The final model for ALT elevation included Asian race, body weight in non-Asian subjects, and asunaprevir exposure. The final model for Tbili elevation included Asian race, fibrosis score (F0-F3 or F4) and asupanprevir exposure. Asian subjects had greater the Grade 3 or 4 ALT and Tbili elevation rates than non-Asians. The Grade 3 or 4 ALT elevation rate increased with decreasing body weight in non-Asian subjects. Subjects with F4 fibrosis score had a higher rate of Grade 3 or 4 Tbili elevation compared to subjects with F0 to F3 fibrosis score. Higher asunaprevir exposure was associated with increases in Grade 3 or 4 ALT and Tbili elevation rates; however, the impact on the ALT elevation was not clinically relevant and the effect on Tbili elevation was smaller than the other significant covariates. © 2018, The Authors. The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American College of Clinical Pharmacology.