Indexed on: 22 Jul '20Published on: 22 Jul '20Published in: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Gastrostomy tube feeding is indicated for children who require prolonged enteral tube feeding. Different techniques for gastrostomy tube insertion exist, and include percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube insertion. Our primary goal was to review the indications, associated complications, and outcomes from PEG tube insertion in children treated in our institution. Our secondary goal was to assess possible risk factors for the associated complications. This was a retrospective chart review study. It involved children who had received PEG tubes between 2017 and 2019. Data collected included demographics, indications for PEG placement, associated comorbidities, minor and major complications encountered, and patients' outcomes after PEG placement. . Statistical analysis was performed to determine possible risk factors for predicting the encountered complications. A total of 25 PEG tubes were placed during the study period. There were 14 females (56%), and the average age of the patients was 43.8 months (range: 1-188 months). The most common indication for PEG placement was failure to thrive (40%), followed by feeding problems (32%) and recurrent aspiration (28%). Neurological conditions (84%) were the most common associated comorbidity, followed by hematological (44%) and genetic (24%) conditions. A very small percentage (4%) experienced one major complication, and about 32% of the patients experienced at least one minor complication. The most common minor complication was PEG tube site infection. No risk factors could predict the encountered complications. PEG tube placement continues to be a safe technique in children. The most common indication of PEG placement is failure to thrive. PEG tube site infection continues to be the most common minor complication associated with PEG placement. No specific risk factors were found to predict the encountered complications. Copyright © 2020 European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.