Indexed on: 26 Mar '15Published on: 26 Mar '15Published in: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
The second-generation Pillcam Colon Capsule Endoscope (PCCE-2; Given Imaging Ltd, Yoqneam, Israel) is an ingestible capsule for visualization of the colon. We performed a multicenter pilot study to assess its safety and feasibility in evaluating the severity of Crohn's disease (CD).In a prospective study, 40 patients with active colonic CD underwent PCCE-2 and optical colonoscopy procedures. Using both techniques, we generated values for the Crohn's Disease Endoscopic Index of Severity (CDEIS), the Simple Endoscopic Score for CD, and global evaluation of lesion severity. In the first stage of the study, we calculated the correlation between PCCE-2 and optical colonoscopy scores. In the second stage, we performed interobserver agreement analysis for a random subset of 20 PCCE-2 recordings, graded in duplicate by 2 independent readers.There was substantial agreement between PCCE-2 and optical colonoscopy in the measurement of the CDEIS (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC], 0.65; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.43-0.80). There was substantial interobserver agreement between 2 independent PCCE-2 readers for the CDEIS (ICC, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.35-0.86) and the Simple Endoscopic Score for CD (ICC, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.32-0.85). However, the PCCE-2 scoring systematically underestimated the severity of disease compared with optical colonoscopy; based on our results, PCCE-2 detected colonic ulcerations with 86% sensitivity and 40% specificity. No adverse events were observed and PCCE-2 was better tolerated than colonoscopy.PCCE-2 is feasible, safe, and well tolerated for the assessment of mucosal CD activity in selected populations. Larger studies are needed to assess its operating characteristics further. European clinical trials database number: 2014-003854-15.