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Runoff Estimation for an Ungauged Catchment Using Geomorphological Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph (GIUH) and Copulas

Research paper by Emna Ellouze-Gargouri, Zoubeida Bargaoui

Indexed on: 26 Feb '12Published on: 26 Feb '12Published in: Water Resources Management



Abstract

A methodology is proposed to apply Geomorphological Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph to ungauged basins using Monte Carlo Simulations and copulas. The effective rainfall, input of GIUH is assumed to be unknown; it is estimated with infiltration index method (ϕ-index). Correlations are detected between this index and the characteristics of rainfall. They are modeled with copulas, and are used to derive effective rainfall hyetographs. The generated hydrographs from GIUH are analyzed and give statistically the same results: dispersion and variability for all studied characteristics (volume, peak discharge, peak time and base time). However, only these hydrographs derived from ϕ conditioned to maximum intensity distribution allow reconstituting the observed hydrographs. Moreover comparing the series of order statistics of interest output and observed series, leads to decide on the representative hydrograph of the catchment behavior.