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Roux-en-Y near esophagojejunostomy for failed antireflux operations: outcomes in more than 100 patients.

Research paper by Omar O Awais, James D JD Luketich, Neha N Reddy, Valentino V Bianco, Ryan M RM Levy, Matthew J MJ Schuchert, William E WE Gooding, Lawrence R LR Crist, Rodney J RJ Landreneau, Arjun A Pennathur

Indexed on: 03 Dec '14Published on: 03 Dec '14Published in: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery



Abstract

Intractable gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) after antireflux operations presents a challenge-particularly in obese patients and patients with esophageal dysmotility-and increases the complexity of the redo operation. This study evaluated the results of Roux-en-Y near esophagojejunostomy (RNYNEJ) in the management of recurrent GERD after antireflux operations.We conducted a retrospective review of overweight patients with intractable GERD who underwent RNYNEJ for failed antireflux operations. We evaluated perioperative outcomes, dysphagia (ranging from 1 = no dysphagia to 5 = unable to swallow saliva), and quality of life (QOL) (assessed using the GERD health-related quality-of-life instrument (HRQOL).Over a 12-year period, 105 patients with body mass index (BMI) greater than 25 underwent RNYNEJ for failed antireflux operations. Most were obese (BMI > 30; 82 patients [78%]); esophageal dysmotility was demonstrated in more than one-third of patients. Forty-eight (46%) patients had multiple antireflux operations before RNYNEJ, and 27 patients had undergone a previous Collis gastroplasty. There was no perioperative mortality. Major complications, including anastomotic leak requiring surgical intervention (n = 3 [2.9%]), were noted in 25 patients (24%).The median length of stay was 6 days. During follow-up (mean, 23.39 months), median BMI decreased from 35 to 27.6 (p < 0.0001), and the mean dysphagia score decreased from 2.9 to 1.5 (p < 0.0001). The median GERD HRQOL score, assessed in a subset of patients, was 9 (classified as excellent).RNYNEJ for persistent GERD after antireflux operations in appropriately selected patients can be performed safely with good results in experienced centers. RNYNEJ should be considered an important option for the treatment of intractable recurrent symptoms after antireflux operations, particularly in obese patients.