Indexed on: 16 Jan '17Published on: 16 Jan '17Published in: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Chromosomal rearrangements involving the ROS proto-oncogene 1 receptor tyrosine kinase gene (ROS1) define a distinct molecular subset of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with sensitivity to ROS1 inhibitors. Recent reports have suggested a significant overlap between ROS1 fusions and other oncogenic driver alterations, including mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and KRAS proto-oncogene (KRAS).We identified patients at our institution with ROS1-rearranged NSCLC who had undergone testing for genetic alterations in additional oncogenes, including EGFR, KRAS, and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK). Clinicopathologic features and genetic testing results were reviewed. We also examined a separate database of ROS1-rearranged NSCLCs identified through a commercial FoundationOne assay.Among 62 patients with ROS1-rearranged NSCLC evaluated at our institution, none harbored concurrent ALK fusions (0%) or EGFR activating mutations (0%). KRAS mutations were detected in two cases (3.2%), one of which harbored a concurrent non-canonical KRAS I24N mutation of unknown biological significance. In a separate ROS1 FISH-positive case, targeted sequencing failed to confirm a ROS1 fusion, but instead identified a KRAS G13D mutation. No concurrent mutations in BRAF, ERBB2, PIK3CA, AKT1, or MAP2K1 were detected. Analysis of an independent dataset of 166 ROS1-rearranged NSCLCs identified by FoundationOne demonstrated rare cases with co-occurring driver mutations in EGFR (1/166) and KRAS (3/166), and no cases with co-occurring ROS1 and ALK rearrangements.ROS1 rearrangements rarely overlap with alterations in EGFR, KRAS, ALK, or other targetable oncogenes in NSCLC.