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Root and root canal variations of the human maxillary and mandibular third molars in a Chinese population: A micro-computed tomographic study.

Research paper by Wuyue W Zhang, Ying Y Tang, Chao C Liu, Yifen Y Shen, Xingmei X Feng, Yongchun Y Gu

Indexed on: 15 Aug '18Published on: 15 Aug '18Published in: Archives of Oral Biology



Abstract

To investigate the anatomical variations of the root and root canal configuration of the human third molars. A total of 130 maxillary and 130 mandibular third molars were collected from a native Chinese population. All teeth were scanned by micro-computed tomography. After 3D reconstruction, the root and canal morphology of each tooth was examined both qualitatively and quantitatively. For maxillary molars, a single fused root (67 cases, 51.5%) and a single root canal system (64 cases, 49.2%) was most common root/canal form; the typical three-rooted molars were detected only in 33 cases (25.4%), and the secondary MB canals were detected only in 9 molars (6.9%). For mandibular molars, 62 teeth were single-rooted (47.7%) and 42 had a single root canal system (32.3%); 20 singled-rooted and 60 double-rooted molars exhibited independent mesial and distal root canal systems (61.5%), and the type 1-1 canal was the most common configuration for mesial (57 cases) and distal (81 cases) root canal systems. C-shaped canals were detected in 11 maxillary and 36 mandibular single-rooted molars. The mean root surface area, root and crown volume of mandibular third molars were significantly higher than the maxillary third molars (P <  0.01). The root canal system of the third molars may exhibit several anatomic variations. Whereas in most of cases, the degree of the canal differentiation was at a low level, and the canal form was not complicate. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.