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Roller Massage: Difference in Knee Joint Range of Motion and Pain Perception Among Experienced and Non-Experienced Individuals After Following a Prescribed Program.

Research paper by Scott W SW Cheatham, Kyle R KR Stull

Indexed on: 12 Dec '18Published on: 12 Dec '18Published in: Journal of sport rehabilitation



Abstract

Roller massage (RM) is a popular myofascial intervention. To date, no research has investigated the effects of RM on experienced and non-experienced individuals and if there are difference between a prescribed RM program and a self-preferred program. The main objective was to measure the effects of a prescribed RM program with a foam roller on knee passive range of motion (PROM) and pressure pain threshold (PPT) among experienced and non-experienced individuals. A secondary objective was to determine if there are differences between a prescribed RM program and a self-preferred program in experienced individuals. Pretest, posttest observational study. University kinesiology laboratory. Sixty healthy adults (age= 26 ± 5.3 years) were allocated into three groups of 20 subjects: experienced, non-experienced, control. The experienced and non-experienced groups followed a prescribed 2-minute RM intervention. The control group did their own 2-minute self-preferred program. Knee PROM and PPT. Main objective. For the experienced and non-experienced, the between group analysis revealed a statistically significant difference for ROM and PPT (p<.001). Within group analysis revealed a posttest ROM increase of 8° for experienced and 7° for the non-experienced. For PPT, there was a posttest increase of 180kPa for the experienced and 169 kPa for the non-experienced. Secondary objective. For the prescribed versus self-preferred program, the between group analysis (experienced versus control) revealed a statistically significant difference (p<.001). The within group analysis revealed a posttest knee PROM increase of 8° for the prescribed and 5° for the self-preferred program. For PPT, there was a posttest increase of 180 kPa for the prescribed program and 137 kPa for the self-preferred program. These findings suggest that experienced and non-experienced individuals have similar responses to a prescribed RM program. A prescribed RM program may produce better outcomes than a self-preferred program.