Role of tyrosine kinases in IgE-mediated signal transduction in human lung mast cells and basophils.

Research paper by S E SE Lavens, P T PT Peachell, J A JA Warner

Indexed on: 01 Dec '92Published on: 01 Dec '92Published in: American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology


Recent evidence suggests that tyrosine kinases play an important role in signal transduction mechanisms utilized by a range of different agonists in many cell types. We have investigated the effects of four different inhibitors of tyrosine kinases on IgE-dependent histamine release from human lung mast cells and basophils. Genistein inhibited the anti-IgE-induced histamine release from human basophils (at 10 microM genistein, inhibition = 55 +/- 5%, n = 17, P < 0.005) with an IC50 of 8 microM, but was much less effective in the human lung mast cell (at 10 microM, inhibition = 18 +/- 6%, n = 11, P < 0.05). Two inactive analogs of genistein, genistin and diadzein, failed to affect anti-IgE-induced histamine release significantly in either mast cells or basophils. A second inhibitor of tyrosine kinases, tyrphostin 25, inhibited IgE-dependent release from basophils (at 10 microM, inhibition = 25 +/- 7%, n = 6, P < 0.05) though it was less effective than genistein and failed to affect IgE-induced histamine release from human lung mast cells (at 10 microM, inhibition = 22 +/- 16%, n = 5, P = NS). In contrast, methyl 2,5 dihydroxycinnamate (MDC) failed to inhibit anti-IgE-dependent histamine release in human basophils (at 10 microM, inhibition = 3 +/- 3%, n = 5, P = NS) but proved to be an effective inhibitor of anti-IgE-induced degranulation in human lung mast cells (at 10 microM, inhibition = 53 +/- 16%, n = 5, P < 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)