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Role of Soluble Transferrin Receptor and Transferrin Receptor-Ferritin Index to Detect Iron Deficiency Anemia in Regular Hemodialysis Patients.

Research paper by Ketut K Suega, Yenny Y Kandarini, Jemi J Tubung

Indexed on: 12 Feb '19Published on: 12 Feb '19Published in: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences



Abstract

Several iron indicators can be used to detect iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) where confounding comorbidities occurred such as patients with regular hemodialysis. This study was aimed to determine the diagnostic value of serum transferrin receptor (sTfR) and transferrin receptor-transferrin index (TfR-F index) and to combine these two markers in detecting IDA in regular hemodialysis anaemic patients. There were 70 patients recruited consecutively. IDA was diagnosed based on TS < 20% and ferritin level < 200 ng/L and functional iron deficiency when TS < 20% and ferritin > 200 ng/L. TfR-F index calculated as sTfR/log ferritin. Correlation of ferritin to iron level was changed when its correlation adjusted by confounding inflammation (CRP level > 10). The correlation strength of ferritin to iron serum before adjusted was r = 0.37 with p = 0.02 but became r = 0.65 with p = 0.023 after adjusted to CRP > 10. In inflammation (CRP > 10), ferritin mild-moderately correlated with iron but became moderately strong when there was no inflammation (CRP < 10). AUC for sTfR was 0.77 with p = 0.028 (95% CI 0.55-0.99), and for TfR-F index has larger AUC 0.85% with p = 0.004 (95%CI 0.69-1.00), hence TfR-F index more superior than sTfR. sTfR and sTfR-F index were not correlated with CRP with p > 0.05, and sTfR and TfR-F index mean level was different between IDA and ACD patients although not statistically significant. When sTfR and the TfR-F index used in combination to detect IDA, we found the largest AUC on ROC 0.98 (95% CI 0.94-1.00).

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