Role of P-glycoprotein in human natural killer-like cell line-mediated cytotoxicity.

Research paper by M M Takahashi, Y Y Misawa, N N Watanabe, T T Kawanishi, H H Tanaka, K K Shigenobu, Y Y Kobayashi

Indexed on: 10 Dec '99Published on: 10 Dec '99Published in: Experimental Cell Research


Natural killer (NK) cells express the highest amount of P-glycoprotein (Pgp), a product of the multidrug resistance (MDR) 1 gene, among lymphoid cells, and our previous studies demonstrated that Pgp is required for NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity. In this study we examined the role of Pgp in NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity using a human NK-like cell line, i.e., YTN cells and two MDR reversing agents, nicardipine and its structural analog, AHC-93. These two agents inhibited the Pgp function (rhodamine-123 excretion) as well as cell-mediated cytotoxicity, confirming that Pgp is critical for NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity. As revealed by video-rate ultraviolet laser-scanning confocal microscopy, AHC-93 did not inhibit the increase in the intracellular calcium concentration upon binding to target cells, whereas nicardipine did, as reported previously. These two reagents relocated acridine orange dye from lysosomes to the cytoplasm at concentrations similar to those required for the inhibition of cell-mediated cytotoxicity. These results suggest that Pgp is directly or indirectly involved in pH regulation in lysosomes, but not in calcium homeostasis.