Indexed on: 22 Aug '02Published on: 22 Aug '02Published in: Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics
We analyze a probability of atomic jumps for more than one lattice spacing in activated surface diffusion. First, we studied a role of coupling between the x and y degrees of freedom for the diffusion in a two-dimensional substrate potential. Simulation results show that in the underdamped limit the average jump length <lambda> scales with the damping coefficient eta as <lambda> proportional, variant eta(-sigma(lambda)) with 1/2<or=sigma(lambda) less, similar 2/3, so that the diffusion coefficient behaves as D proportional, variant eta(-sigma) with 0<or=sigma less, similar 1/3. Second, we introduced a realistic friction coefficient for the phonon damping mechanism and developed the technique for Langevin equation with a velocity-dependent friction coefficient. The study of diffusion in this model shows that long jumps play an essential role for diffusing atoms of small masses, especially in two limiting cases, in the case of a large Debye frequency of the substrate, when the rate of phonon damping is low, and in the case of a small Debye frequency, when the one-phonon damping mechanism is ineffective.