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Role of amyloid β protein receptors in mediating synaptic plasticity.

Research paper by Yu Y Li, Zhongqing Z Sun, Qiaoyu Q Cao, Meiwan M Chen, Huanmin H Luo, Xi X Lin, Fei F Xiao

Indexed on: 18 Apr '17Published on: 18 Apr '17Published in: Biomedical reports



Abstract

There are few diseases in modern biomedicine that have garnered as much scientific interest and public concern as Alzheimer's disease (AD). The amyloid hypothesis has become the dominant model of AD pathogenesis; however, the details of the hypothesis are changing over time. Recently, given the increasing recognition, subtle effects of amyloid β protein (Aβ) on synaptic efficacy may be critical to AD progression. Synaptic plasticity is the important neurochemical foundation of learning and memory. Recent studies have identified that soluble Aβ oligomers combine with certain receptors to impair synaptic plasticity in AD, which advanced the amyloid hypothesis. The aim of the present review was to summarize the role of Aβ-relevant receptors in regulating synaptic plasticity and their downstream signaling cascades, which may provide novel insights into the understanding of the pathogenesis of AD and the development of therapeutic strategies to slow down the progression of AD-associated memory decline in the early stages.