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RNA interference screen identifies NAA10 as a regulator of PXR transcription.

Research paper by Peter O PO Oladimeji, William C WC Wright, Jing J Wu, Taosheng T Chen

Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: Biochemical Pharmacology



Abstract

The pregnane X receptor (PXR) is a principal xenobiotic receptor crucial in the detection, detoxification, and clearance of toxic substances from the body. PXR plays a vital role in the metabolism and disposition of drugs, and elevated PXR levels contribute to cancer drug resistance. Therefore, to modulate PXR activity and mitigate drug resistance, it is imperative to fully understand its regulation. To this end, we screened a transcription factor siRNA library in pancreatic cancer cells that express high levels of PXR. Through a comprehensive deconvolution process, we identified N-alpha-acetyltransferase 10 (NAA10) as a factor in the transcriptional machinery regulating PXR transcription. Because no one single factor has 100% operational control of PXR transcriptional regulation, our results together with other previous findings suggest that the transcriptional regulation of PXR is complex and that multiple factors contribute to the process including NAA10. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.