Indexed on: 14 Jan '16Published on: 14 Jan '16Published in: SpringerPlus
Warfarin therapy is associated with many drug interactions that may cause a significant alteration in its anticoagulant effect. Rifampin is a widely used antimicrobial that has major interactions with several medications including warfarin due to its strong P-glycoprotein and liver enzyme inducer activity especially on CYP2C9, CYP3A4, CYP1A2 and CYP2C19.We report a case of a 34-year-old Srilankan female chronically treated with warfarin for her mitral valve replacement. The patient developed infective endocarditis and was started on a 6-week treatment with rifampin along with other antibiotics. Warfarin dose was increased from 52.5 to 210 mg/week over the course of the rifampin therapy, however, the INR remained subtherapeutic throughout the whole period and reached 2.4 by the end of rifampin therapy.Anticoagulation management was challenging in the period following the end of rifampin therapy as well, and multiple dose adjustments starting with an increase and followed by reduction were required till she was stable on an 80 mg/week warfarin dose 5 weeks post-rifampin therapy.Our findings suggest the importance of close monitoring of warfarin therapy during and after the use of rifampin to minimize the risks of under and over-anticoagulation and improve the safety and efficacy of warfarin therapy.