Revisiting the Supersymmetric Pati-Salam Models from Intersecting D6-branes

Research paper by Tianjun Li, Adeel Mansha, Rui Sun

Indexed on: 12 Feb '21Published on: 10 Oct '19Published in: arXiv - High Energy Physics - Theory


Employing new scanning methods, we revisit the systematic construction of three-family $N=1$ supersymmetric Pati-Salam models in Type IIA orientifolds on ${\bf T}^6/(\mathbb Z_2\times \mathbb Z_2)$ with intersecting D6-branes. Arising from the stacks of D6-branes with $U(n)$ gauge symmetries, the Pati-Salam gauge symmetries $SU(4)_C\times SU(2)_L \times SU(2)_R$ can be broken down to the Standard Model via D-brane splitting as well as D- and F-flatness preserving Higgs mechanism. Also, the hidden sector contains $USp(n)$ branes, which are parallel with the orientifold planes or their ${\mathbb Z_2}$ images. We find that the Type II T-duality in the previous study is not an equivalent relation in Pati-Salam model building if the model is not invariant under $SU(2)_L$ and $SU(2)_R$ exchange, and provides a way to obtain new models. We systematically construct the new models with three families, which usually do not have gauge coupling unification at the string scale. We for the first time construct the Pati-Salam models with one wrapping number equal to $5$. In particular, we find that these models carry more refined gauge couplings, and thus with more possibility to have approximate gauge coupling unification. With dimension reduction method "LatentSemanticAnalysis", we show that the three-family $N=1$ supersymmetric Pati-Salam models gather on islands, where we might find interesting models there.