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Reversible hydrogen storage behaviors and microstructure of TiC-doped sodium aluminum hydride

Research paper by Xiulin Fan, Xuezhang Xiao, Jiechang Hou, Zheng Zhang, Yuanbo Liu, Zhe Wu, Changpin Chen, Qidong Wang, Lixin Chen

Indexed on: 22 Jul '09Published on: 22 Jul '09Published in: Journal of Materials Science



Abstract

TiC-doped NaAlH4 complex hydride was prepared by hydrogenating of ball-milled NaH/Al mixture in the presence of 5 mol% TiC powder, and its hydrogen storage behaviors and microstructure were investigated. It is found that TiC is a good catalyst for the reversible hydriding/dehydriding process of NaAlH4 at moderate temperatures by reducing the decomposition temperature and improving the hydriding/dehydriding kinetics. The hydrogen desorption capacity of 5 mol% TiC-doped NaAlH4 is 4.6 wt% at 165 °C and its average dehydriding rate in the first 30 min reaches 0.107 wt%/min. X-ray diffraction analyses show that the size of crystal grains of the composites is reduced by ball-milling, and is then increased rapidly in the first hydriding–dehydriding cycle. Scanning electron micrographs represent that the particle size of the ball-milled composites is quite even and averages around 50 nm. However, it changes into a widely distributed one ranging from 50 nm to 1 μm in the subsequent hydriding–dehydriding cycles. DSC measurement indicates that the doping of TiC can lower the dehydriding temperatures of sodium aluminum hydride.