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Reversable heat flow through the carbon nanotube junctions

Research paper by S. E. Shafranjuk

Indexed on: 25 Sep '08Published on: 25 Sep '08Published in: Physics - Other



Abstract

Microscopic mechanisms of externally controlled reversable heat flow through the carbon nanotube junctions (NJ) are studied theoretically. Our model suggests that the heat is transfered along the tube section ${\cal T}$ by electrons ($e$) and holes ($h$) moving ballistically in either in parallel or in opposite directions and accelerated by the bias source-drain voltage $V_{\rm SD}$ (Peltier effect). We compute the Seebeck coefficient $\alpha $, electric $\sigma$ and thermal $\kappa$ conductivities and find that their magnitudes strongly depend on $V_{\rm SD}$ and $V_{\rm G}$. The sign reversal of $\alpha$ versus the sign of $V_{\rm G}$ formerly observed experimentally is interpreted in this work in terms of so-called chiral tunneling phenomena (Klein paradox).