Indexed on: 04 Sep '20Published on: 03 Sep '20Published in: Biosensors and Bioelectronics
We developed a reusable magnetic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor chip for detecting various target molecules repeatedly in a conventional SPR system. Here, ferromagnetic patterns on a SPR sensor chip were utilized to trap a layer of magnetic particles, and they were utilized as a solid substrate for SPR sensing in a conventional SPR system. After a sensing experiment, the used magnetic particles were removed by external magnetic fields, and a new layer of magnetic particles was immobilized to the SPR sensor chip for additional sensing measurements. Since magnetic particles were trapped on the ferromagnetic patterns, we could use our reusable SPR chip for SPR sensing measurements in a traditional SPR system without any applied magnetic fields. Significantly, ferromagnetic patterns on the sensor chip surface deflected the strong external fields, so that the large aggregation of magnetic particles on the sensor surface was reduced. We demonstrated using a single reusable SPR sensor chip to measure the nucleoprotein (NP) of H1N1 influenza virus solution ranging repeatedly for more than 7 times without significant signal degradation. Also, different target molecules could be repeatedly measured in a single SPR chip. Since our reusable SPR sensor chip can be repeatedly used in a conventional SPR system without any chemical processes for refreshment, the cost for SPR sensing should be significantly reduced. In this case, our reusable SPR sensor chip can be a major breakthrough and can be used for versatile practical applications of SPR sensors. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.