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[Retrospective analysis of adverse drug reactions in stomatology hospital from 2014 to 2016].

Research paper by Li L Jia, Wang W Jianli, Zhao Z Ke, Zhao Z Shaofeng

Indexed on: 16 Jan '18Published on: 16 Jan '18Published in: Hua xi kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Huaxi kouqiang yixue zazhi = West China journal of stomatology



Abstract

This study aims to investigate the characteristics and general rules of adverse drug reactions (ADR) in a 3A-grade stomatology hospital for safe and rational drug use in clinical stomatology.We retrospectively analyzed 52 ADR cases (1∶1.36, males∶females) reported in the West China Hospital of Stomatology of Sichuan University from 2014 to 2016 in terms of gender and age distributions, drug categories, and clinical manifestations.Eight kinds of drugs and antibiotics were predominately used [24 cases, 46.15% (24/52)], followed by nutrition drugs and antitumor drugs. Cephalosporin was the leading antibiotic drug associated with ADR [20 cases, 83.33% (20/24)]. Intravenous infusion was the most common route of drug administration [49 cases, 94.23% (49/52)]. The most common manifestations of the ADR were damages of the skin and its appendages and lesions of the digestive and nervous systems.Strengthening the ADR monitoring system and further management should be implemented to alleviate ADR in stomatology hospitals.