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Resveratrol induces Sirt1-dependent apoptosis in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes by activating AMPK and suppressing AKT activity and survivin expression.

Research paper by Sifan S Chen, Xincai X Xiao, Xiang X Feng, Wenxue W Li, Niman N Zhou, Lin L Zheng, Yanshuang Y Sun, Zili Z Zhang, Wei W Zhu

Indexed on: 06 Dec '11Published on: 06 Dec '11Published in: The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry



Abstract

Resveratrol is a natural polyphenolic compound with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and neuroprotective properties, and it serves as a chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agent. However, only very limited data have been obtained regarding the effects of resveratrol on preadipocytes, and the mechanisms of these effects remain largely unknown. In this study, murine 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were incubated with resveratrol, and cell apoptosis was investigated. Resveratrol caused S-phase arrest to inhibit cell proliferation and significantly increased the lactate dehydrogenase leaking ratio. Hoechst 33258 staining and transmission electron microscopy revealed the ultrastructural changes in nuclear chromatins of apoptotic cells. Furthermore, resveratrol activated the mitochondrial signaling with decreases in the mitochondrial membrane potential, cytochrome c release and the activation of caspase 9 and caspase 3. Resveratrol treatment also increased the protein level of Sirt1. By using small interfering RNAs of Sirt1, adenosine-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) α, survivin and the AMPK agonist (5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide 1-β-D-ribofuranoside) and specific inhibitors for protein kinase B (AKT) or caspases, it was demonstrated that activation of Sirt1 inhibited AKT activation and further decreased the expression of survivin. It could also increase AMPK activation. Both signaling pathways activated mitochondrion-mediated pathway. Our findings clarified the apoptotic effects of resveratrol in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and revealed the involved pathway including AMPK, AKT and survivin, suggesting its potential therapeutic application in the treatment or prevention of obesity and related metabolic symptoms.