Indexed on: 01 Jul '00Published on: 01 Jul '00Published in: Theoretical and Applied Genetics
RFLP variation revealed by protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) coding gene sequences was assessed in 170 accessions belonging to 23 species of Triticum and Aegilops. PDI restriction fragments were highly conserved within each species and confirmed that plant PDI is encoded either by single-copy sequences or by small gene families. The wheat PDI probe hybridized to single EcoRI or HindIII fragments in different diploid species and to one or two fragments per genome in polyploids. Four Aegilops species in the Sitopsis section showed complex patterns and high levels of intraspecific variation, whereas Ae. searsii possessed single monomorphic fragments. T. urartu and Ae. squarrosa showed fragments with the same mobility as those in the A and D genomes of Triticum polyploid species, respectively, whereas differences were observed between the hybridization patterns of T. monococcum and T. boeoticum and that of the A genome. The single fragment detected in Ae. squarrosa was also conserved in most accessions of polyploid Aegilops species carrying the D genome. The five species of the Sitopsis section showed variation for the PDI hybridization fragments and differed from those of the B and G genomes of emmer and timopheevi groups of wheat, although one of the Ae. speltoidesEcoRI fragments was similar to those located on the 4B and 4G chromosomes. The similarity between the EcoRI fragment located on the 1B chromosome of common and emmer wheats and one with a lower hybridization intensity in Ae. longissima, Ae. bicornis and Ae. sharonensis support the hypothesis of a polyphyletic origin of the B genome.