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Resting‐state connectivity predicts levodopa‐induced dyskinesias in Parkinson's disease

Research paper by Damian M. Herz MD, PhD, Brian N. Haagensen MD, Silas H. Nielsen, Kristoffer H. Madsen PhD, Annemette Løkkegaard MD, PhD, Hartwig R. Siebner MD, DMSci

Indexed on: 09 Mar '16Published on: 08 Mar '16Published in: Movement Disorders



Abstract

Levodopa‐induced dyskinesias are a common side effect of dopaminergic therapy in PD, but their neural correlates remain poorly understood.This study examines whether dyskinesias are associated with abnormal dopaminergic modulation of resting‐state cortico‐striatal connectivity.Twelve PD patients with peak‐of‐dose dyskinesias and 12 patients without dyskinesias were withdrawn from dopaminergic medication. All patients received a single dose of fast‐acting soluble levodopa and then underwent resting‐state functional magnetic resonance imaging before any dyskinesias emerged. Levodopa‐induced modulation of cortico‐striatal resting‐state connectivity was assessed between the putamen and the following 3 cortical regions of interest: supplementary motor area, primary sensorimotor cortex, and right inferior frontal gyrus. These functional connectivity measures were entered into a linear support vector classifier to predict whether an individual patient would develop dyskinesias after levodopa intake. Linear regression analysis was applied to test which connectivity measures would predict dyskinesia severity.Dopaminergic modulation of resting‐state connectivity between the putamen and primary sensorimotor cortex in the most affected hemisphere predicted whether patients would develop dyskinesias with a specificity of 100% and a sensitivity of 91% (P < .0001). Modulation of resting‐state connectivity between the supplementary motor area and putamen predicted interindividual differences in dyskinesia severity (R2 = 0.627, P = .004). Resting‐state connectivity between the right inferior frontal gyrus and putamen neither predicted dyskinesia status nor dyskinesia severity.The results corroborate the notion that altered dopaminergic modulation of cortico‐striatal connectivity plays a key role in the pathophysiology of dyskinesias in PD. © 2016 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society