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Response reversal and children with psychopathic tendencies: success is a function of salience of contingency change.

Research paper by S S Budhani, R J R RJ Blair

Indexed on: 20 Aug '05Published on: 20 Aug '05Published in: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry



Abstract

Previous work has inconsistently reported difficulties with response reversal/extinction in children with psychopathic tendencies.We tested the hypothesis that the degree of impairment seen in children with psychopathic tendencies is a function of the salience of contingency change. We investigated the performance of children with psychopathic tendencies on a novel probabilistic response reversal task involving four conditions with gradated reward-punishment contingencies (100-0, 90-10, 80-20 and 70-30; i.e., for the 100-0 contingency, responding to one object is always rewarded while responding to the other is always punished).In line with predictions, the impairment seen in the children with psychopathic tendencies was an inverse function of the salience of the contingency change.We suggest that this data is consistent with suggestions of subtle orbital frontal cortex impairment in children with psychopathic tendencies.