Indexed on: 16 Oct '16Published on: 16 Oct '16Published in: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
The Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) Working Group is an international multidisciplinary group whose goal is to improve response criteria and define endpoints for neuro-oncology trials. The RANO criteria for high-grade gliomas attempt to address the issues of pseudoprogression, pseudoresponse, and nonenhancing tumor progression. Incorporation of advanced MR imaging may eventually help improve the ability of these criteria to define enhancing and nonenhancing disease better. The RANO group has also developed criteria for neurologic response and evaluation of patients receiving immunologic therapies. RANO criteria have been developed for brain metastases and are in progress for meningiomas, leptomeningeal disease, spinal tumors, and pediatric tumors.