Indexed on: 18 May '12Published on: 18 May '12Published in: EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
In this article, we address the resource allocation problem for the downlink of a large network multiple input multiple output orthogonal frequency division multiplexing system with 3-sector base stations. The system is statically divided into a number of disjoint clusters of sectors. A two-step resource allocation scheme is proposed involving the inter-cluster and the intra-cluster levels. As a first step or inter-cluster level, two cooperative frequency reuse approaches are designed to mitigate the inter-cluster interference. A user partition method is proposed to divide the users of each cluster into cluster-edge and cluster-center users. To balance the cell-edge and the cell-average performance, a fairness jug function is introduced to determine the frequency partition of the cooperative frequency reuse approaches. Then, as a second step or intra-cluster level, a utility-based joint scheduling and power allocation algorithm is proposed for each cluster, to maximize the sum utility of all users in the cluster under per-sector power constraints. Zero-forcing joint transmission is used across multiple sectors within the same cluster. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme can efficiently reduce the inter-cluster interference and provide considerable performance improvement in terms of both the cell-edge and cell-average user data rate. The proposed two-step resource allocation scheme can be implemented independently in each cluster without inter-cluster information exchange, which is an attractive property for practical systems, since it reduces both the network signaling overhead and the computational complexity.