Resonances and Spectral Shift Function near the Landau levels

Research paper by J. F. Bony, V. Bruneau, G. Raikov

Indexed on: 27 Jun '06Published on: 27 Jun '06Published in: Mathematics - Spectral Theory


We consider the 3D Schr\"odinger operator $H = H_0 + V$ where $H_0 = (-i\nabla - A)^2$, $A$ is a magnetic potential generating a constant magnetic field of strength $b>0$, and $V$ is a short-range electric potential which decays superexponentially with respect to the variable along the magnetic field. We show that the resolvent of $H$ admits a meromorphic extension from the upper half-plane to an appropriate complex manifold ${\mathcal M}$, and define the resonances of $H$ as the poles of this meromorphic extension. We study their distribution near any fixed Landau level $2bq$, $q \in {\mathbb N}$. First, we obtain a sharp upper bound of the number of resonances in a vicinity of $2bq$. Moreover, under appropriate hypotheses, we establish corresponding lower bounds which imply the existence of an infinite number of resonances, or the absence of resonances in certain sectors adjoining $2bq$. Finally, we deduce a representation of the derivative of the spectral shift function (SSF) for the operator pair $(H,H_0)$ as a sum of a harmonic measure related to the resonances, and the imaginary part of a holomorphic function. This representation justifies the Breit-Wigner approximation, implies a trace formula, and provides information on the singularities of the SSF at the Landau levels.