Resolution of symptomatic secondary empty sella syndrome following lumbar-peritoneal shunt.

Research paper by Waseem Mehmood WM Nizamani, Mubbashira M Siddiqui, Sehrish Nizar SN Ali Momin, Muhammad M Waqas, Rashid R Jooma

Indexed on: 04 May '18Published on: 04 May '18Published in: Surgical neurology international


Post-surgical empty sella is related to the removal of pituitary tumors either from the transcranial or transphenoidal route, rendering diaphragma sellae incompetent at the end of the procedure. This subsequently leads to herniation of the third ventricle and optic apparatus into the empty sella. Studies have shown that in 50% of the cases, individuals with primary and secondary empty sella syndrome have developed defects in the visual fields. Benign increased intracranial pressure, cerebrospinal rhinorrhea, papilledema, and abnormalities affecting visual acuity may also occur as a result of empty sella. This case report discusses a rare treatment option for the symptomatic secondary empty sella syndrome. Patient underwent lumbar drain placement and that resulted in astonishingly significant improvement in vision. Keeping in view the beneficial effect of lumbar drain, lumbar-peritoneal (LP) shunt was inserted which showed drastic improvement in vision. The surgical outcome of symptomatic cases of ESS is favorable. Various common surgical options were reported in literature; however, we have discussed an unconventional surgical option with an impressive outcome.