Indexed on: 28 Apr '07Published on: 28 Apr '07Published in: Human Immunology
Administration of recombinant-human G-CSF (rhG-CSF) is highly efficient in mobilizing hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSC/HPC) from the bone marrow (BM) toward the peripheral blood. This study was designed to investigate whether repeated G-CSF-induced HSC/HPC mobilization in mice could lead to a depletion of the bone marrow HSC/HPC pool with subsequent loss of mobilizing capacity. To test this hypothesis Balb/c mice were treated with a maximum of 12 repeated 5-day cycles of either 10 microg rhG-CSF/day or 0.25 microg rmG-CSF/day. Repeated administration of rhG-CSF lead to strong inhibition of HSC/HPC mobilization toward the peripheral blood and spleen after >4 cycles because of the induction of anti-rhG-CSF antibodies. In contrast, after repeated administration of rmG-CSF, HSC/HPC mobilizing capacity remained intact for up to 12 cycles. The number of CFU-GM per femur did not significantly change for up to 12 cycles. We conclude that repeated administration of G-CSF does not lead to depletion of the bone marrow HSC/HPC pool.