Repeatability of monolithic HPLC columns while using a flow program.

Research paper by Lukas L Kaminski, Sami S El Deeb, Hermann H Wätzig

Indexed on: 01 May '08Published on: 01 May '08Published in: Journal of Separation Science


Fast HPLC methods are becoming more and more important. Using monolithic HPLC columns for fast separations, a flow program can be applied for further decrease in the total run time. An interesting issue was whether the flow program affects repeatability. The investigated method was a generic assay for the oral antidiabetic drugs glibenclamide and glimepiride in the presence of two of their degradation products. A flow program ranging from 5.0 to 9.9 mL/min had been set up to decrease the run time to approximately 1.7 min. Within-day RSD% (n = 40) for both retention times and peak areas were less than 1%. At flow rates higher than 7 mL/min, repeatability was impaired to some extent. It became mainly noticeable through the day-to-day precision (n = 60) which showed RSD% up to 2%. However, further investigations indicated that this was rather related to pump inefficiency at high flow rates than to the flow program as such. Presuming the use of appropriate equipment, qualified for high flow rates, the application of a flow program for shortening the run time is absolutely reasonable and does not affect repeatability.