Remote Sensing, Vol. 13, Pages 629: Prediction of BeiDou Satellite Orbit Maneuvers to Improve the Reliability of Real-Time Navigation Products

Research paper by Zhiwei Qin, Le Wang, Guanwen Huang, Qin Zhang, Xingyuan Yan, Shichao Xie, Haonan She, Fan Yue, Xiaolei Wang

Indexed on: 12 Feb '21Published on: 09 Feb '21Published in: Remote sensing


The positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) service of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) is developing in the direction of real time and high precision. However, there are some problems that restrict the development of real-time and high-precision PNT technology. Satellite orbit maneuvering is one of the factors that reduce the reliability of real-time navigation products, especially the high-frequency orbit maneuvering of geostationary earth orbit (GEO) and inclined geosynchronous orbit (IGSO) satellites. The BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) constellation is designed to contain GEO, IGSO, and medium earth orbit (MEO). These orbit maneuvers bring certain difficulties for data processing, especially for BeiDou satellites, such as decreased real-time service performance, which results in real-time navigation products including unusable maneuvered satellites. Additionally, the performance of real-time navigation products will decrease because the orbit maneuvers could not be known in advance, which diminishes the real-time PNT service performance of BDS for users. Common users cannot obtain maneuvering times and strategies owing to confidentiality, which can lead to a decline in the BDS real-time service performance. Thus, we propose a method to predict orbit maneuvers. BDS data from the broadcast ephemeris were analyzed to verify the availability of the proposed method. In addition, the results of real-time positioning were analyzed by using ultra-rapid orbit products, demonstrating that their reliability is improved by removing maneuvered satellites in advance. This is vital to improve the reliability of real-time navigation products and BDS service performance.