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Remarkably enhanced stability of HZSM-5 zeolite co-modified with alkaline and phosphorous for the selective conversion of bio-ethanol to propylene

Research paper by Jiaojiao Huangfu, Dongsen Mao, Xiaolong Zhai, Qiangsheng Guo

Indexed on: 19 Apr '16Published on: 19 Apr '16Published in: Applied Catalysis A: General



Abstract

The effects of alkaline, phosphorous and dual alkaline-phosphorous modifications on the selective conversion of bio-ethanol to propylene over HZSM-5 zeolite catalysts were investigated. The results demonstrate that the doubly modified HZSM-5 zeolite catalyst offers higher propylene selectivity and remarkably improved catalytic stability than the parent and singly modified counterparts, which can be contributed to the formation of new mesoporous and decreased amount of strong acid sites induced by the alkaline treatment and phosphorous modification, respectively. The deactivation of the phosphorous and dual alkaline-phosphorous modified HZSM-5 zeolite catalysts was caused by carbon deposition but not by dealumination, which can be attributed to the enhanced hydrothermal stability of the framework aluminum by the modification of ZSM-5 zeolite with phosphorus.

Graphical abstract 10.1016/j.apcata.2016.04.016.jpg