Indexed on: 12 Sep '08Published on: 12 Sep '08Published in: Biological chemistry
The high-density lipoprotein apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) stimulates the enzyme lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) in the reverse cholesterol transport pathway. Two ApoA-I variants, Zaragoza (L144R) and Zavalla (L159P), are associated with low levels of HDL-cholesterol but normal LCAT activity. Haptoglobin interacts with ApoA-I, impairing LCAT stimulation. Synthetic peptides matching the haptoglobin-binding site of native or variant ApoA-I (native, P2a; variants, Zav-pep and Zar-pep) bound haptoglobin with different activity: Zar-pep>P2a>Zav-pep. They also differently rescued LCAT in vitro activity in the presence of haptoglobin (P2a=Zar-pep>Zav-pep). Therefore, both amino acid conversions affect haptoglobin binding and LCAT regulation. We highlight the role of haptoglobin in LCAT regulation in subjects with ApoA-I variants.