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Relative torsion and bordism classes of positive scalar curvature metrics on manifolds with boundary

Research paper by Simone Cecchini, Mehran Seyedhosseini, Vito Felice Zenobi

Indexed on: 30 Sep '20Published on: 28 Sep '20Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Geometric Topology



Abstract

In this paper, we define a relative $L^2$-$\rho$-invariant for Dirac operators on odd-dimensional spin manifolds with boundary and show that they are invariants of the bordism classes of positive scalar curvature metrics which are collared near the boundary. As an application, we show that if a $4k+3$-dimensional spin manifold with boundary admits such a metric and if, roughly speaking, there exists a torsion element in the difference of the fundamental groups of the manifold and its boundary, then there are infinitely many bordism classes of such psc metrics on the given manifold. This result in turn implies that the moduli-space of psc metrics on such manifolds has infinitely many path components. We also indicate how to define delocalised $\eta$-invariants for odd-dimensional spin manifolds with boundary, which could then be used to obtain similar results for $4k+1$-dimensional manifolds.