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Relationship between rancimat and active oxygen method values at varying temperatures for several oils and fats

Research paper by Farooq Anwar, M. I. Bhanger, T. G. Kazi

Indexed on: 01 Feb '03Published on: 01 Feb '03Published in: Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society



Abstract

Determination of oxidative stability of different edible oils, fats, and typical fat products was made using the Rancimat method and the active oxygen method. Induction periods (IP) were recorded under controlled conditions at 110, 120, and 130 ± 0.1°C for all products and over a range of 100–160°C for selected fats. A general oil stability evaluation industrial shortenings and vanaspati to be the most stable fats, with IP ranging from 10.00 to 15.47 h. Margarine and butter samples (IP, 4.98–6.04 h) were also found to show fair oxidative stability. Among the extracted and open-market salad-grade cooking oils, rapeseed oil (IP, 4.10 h) and soybean oil (IP, 4.00 h) showed the highest oxidative stability, whereas Salicornia bigelovii oil (IP, 1.40 h) was the least stable. The induction periods of typical fat products ranged from 2.59 to 9.20 h. CV for four determinations were <5.2% for shortening and vanaspati products and <4.3% for various vegetable oils, margarine, butter, and typical fat products. Rancimat IP values obtained at 110, 120, and 130°C were 40–46, 20–25, and 9–13% of active oxygen method values, respectively, corresponding to a decrease in Rancimat IP by a factor of 1.99 with each 10°C increase in temperature. Similarly, in the temperature range 100–160°C, an increase of 10°C decreased the Rancimat IP by a factor of 1.99