Relationship between human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-specific memory cytotoxic T lymphocytes and virus load after recent HIV-1 seroconversion.

Research paper by E E Connick, R L RL Schlichtemeier, M B MB Purner, K M KM Schneider, D M DM Anderson, S S MaWhinney, T B TB Campbell, D R DR Kuritzkes, J M JM Douglas, F N FN Judson, R T RT Schooley

Indexed on: 26 Dec '01Published on: 26 Dec '01Published in: The Journal of infectious diseases


Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-specific memory, or precursor, cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) in 14 subjects who had recently experienced seroconversion were evaluated with respect to virus set point, defined as plasma HIV-1 RNA level 6 months after seroconversion. Env-, Gag-, Pol-, and Nef-specific precursor CTL were detected in (51)Cr-release assays, using antigen-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells as effectors and B cell lines infected with HIV-1-vaccinia recombinants as targets. All subjects tested had precursor CTL specific to at least 2 HIV-1 antigens. Detection of Env-specific precursor CTL was associated with a high set point (P=.0221). The number of antigens recognized tended to be greater in subjects with higher set points (rho=.45621; P=.1171). Gag-specific precursor CTL frequency correlated inversely with set point (rho=-.8478; P=.0003). Two heterozygotes for a 32-bp deletion in CCR5 had the lowest set points (P=.0220) and highest Gag precursor CTL frequencies (P=.0128). These data suggest that host factors that restrict viral replication may be important determinants of the level of HIV-1-specific precursor CTL.