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Relationship between coronary artery disease and C-reactive protein levels in NSTEMI patients with renal dysfunction: a retrospective study.

Research paper by Maria M Udeanu, Giordano G Guizzardi, Giuseppe G Di Pasquale, Antonio A Marchetti, Francesca F Romani, Vittorio V Dalmastri, Irene I Capelli, Lucia L Stalteri, Giuseppe G Cianciolo, Paola P Rucci, Gaetano G La Manna

Indexed on: 19 Sep '14Published on: 19 Sep '14Published in: BMC Nephrology



Abstract

While chronic renal damage is a condition with low-grade inflammation, the potential role of inflammation in kidney disease as a marker of cardiovascular damage is of current interest. This study analyzed the relationship between renal dysfunction, chronic inflammation, and extension of coronary atherosclerosis in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI).This retrospective study was carried out on consecutive patients presenting with NSTEMI to Maggiore Hospital's emergency department between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2011. Patients' electronic charts were reviewed to gather information on patients' history, clinical and biochemical variables, with a special focus on inflammatory markers, coronary vessel damage, and drug treatments.Of the 320 individuals in the study population, 138 (43.1%) had an admission GFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Kidney dysfunction was significantly associated with age (OR = 1.09, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.12), history of heart failure (OR = 2.13, 95% CI 1.08 to 4.17), and hypertension (OR = 2.31, 95% 1.12 to 4.74). C-reactive protein (CRP) and uric acid levels were significantly increased in patients with severe renal dysfunction (SRD) by bivariate and multivariate analyses, adjusted for gender, age and comorbidities at admission. The extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) was significantly higher in the SRD group (p < 0.001). Individuals with SRD were less likely to receive immediate evidence-based therapies (62.9% vs. 76.7% and 82.0% in those with intermediate and no/mild renal dysfunction, p < 0.001). Hospital stay was significantly longer in individuals with a greater extent of CAD, diabetes, and a history of heart failure, and was borderline significantly associated with renal dysfunction (p = 0.08). Older age, CAD severity, and renal function were associated with worsening GFR during hospitalization, whereas immediate evidence-based treatment was unrelated to a GFR change.Among individuals hospitalized for NSTEMI, those with SRD had a more extensive CAD and a higher prevalence of pre-existing cardiovascular disease. CRP was positively correlated with renal dysfunction and the number of involved coronary vessels, confirming its potential as a biomarker. Uric acid was associated with renal dysfunction but not with the number of diseased coronary vessels.