Indexed on: 09 Feb '18Published on: 09 Feb '18Published in: arXiv - Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
Large scale solar magnetic field topology has a great influence on the structure of the corona, heliosphera and geomagnetic perturbations. Data obtained over the last three solar cycles have been analysed to reveal the relationships between the photospheric field measured along the line of sight by the WSO group at 30 levels of heliolatitudes from -75 to 75 degrees and the interplanetary magnetic field The main aim of this first paper is to make a direct comparison between the basic structure and dynamics of the photospheric magnetic field and components and intensity of the interplanetary magnetic field % solar wind and geomagnetic parameters without using theoretical assumptions, models, physical expectations, etc. The second paper by Gavryuseva, 2018d presents the raports between different characteristics of the solar wind at the Earth orbit, and geomagnetic parameters provided by the OMNI team. % Data obtained over the last three solar cycles have been analysed % to reveal the relationships % between the photospheric field measured along the line of sight % by the WSO group % at heliolatitudes from -75 to 75 degrees averaged over one year % and the interplanetary magnetic field, different characteristics % of the solar wind at the Earth orbit, and geomagnetic parameters. % provided by the OMNI team. The heliospheric and geomagnetic data are found to be divided into two groups characterized by their response to variability of the solar magnetic field latitudinal structures on short and on long time scales.