Indexed on: 22 Nov '12Published on: 22 Nov '12Published in: The American Journal of Cardiology®
Vitamin D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) may affect cardiovascular health in patients with kidney disease and in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate associations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and PTH concentrations with a comprehensive set of biochemical, electrocardiographic, and echocardiographic measurements of cardiac structure and function in the Cardiovascular Health Study. A total of 2,312 subjects who were free of cardiovascular disease at baseline were studied. Serum 25(OH)D and intact PTH concentrations were measured using mass spectrometry and a 2-site immunoassay. Outcomes were N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, cardiac troponin T, electrocardiographic measures of conduction, and echocardiographic measures of left ventricular mass and diastolic dysfunction. At baseline, subjects had a mean age of 73.9 ± 4.9 years, 69.7% were women, and 21% had chronic kidney disease (glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min). Mean 25(OH)D was 25.2 ± 10.2 ng/ml, and median PTH was 51 pg/ml (range 39 to 65). After adjustment, 25(OH)D was not associated with any of the biochemical, conduction, or echocardiographic outcomes. Serum PTH levels ≥65 pg/ml were associated with greater N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, cardiac troponin T, and left ventricular mass in patients with chronic kidney disease. The regression coefficients were: 120 pg/ml (95% confidence interval 36.1 to 204), 5.2 pg/ml (95% confidence interval 3.0 to 7.4), and 17 g (95% confidence interval 6.2 to 27.8) (p <0.001). In subjects with normal kidney function, PTH was not associated with the outcomes. In conclusion, in older adults with chronic kidney disease, PTH excess is associated with higher N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, cardiac troponin T, and left ventricular mass. These findings suggest a role for PTH in cardiovascular health and the prevention of cardiac diseases.