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relA and spoT Gene Expression is Modulated in Salmonella Grown Under Static Magnetic Field.

Research paper by Alya A El May, Jihen J Zouaoui, Sarra S Snoussi, Ramla R Ben Mouhoub, Ahmed A Landoulsi

Indexed on: 31 Jan '21Published on: 31 Jan '21Published in: Current Microbiology



Abstract

Virtually all bacterial species synthesize high levels of (p)ppGpp (guanosine penta- or tetraphosphate), a pleiotropic regulator of the stringent response and other stresses in bacteria. relA and spoT genes are, respectively, involved in synthesis and synthesis/biodegradation of (p)ppGpp. We aimed in this work to evaluate the impact of static magnetic field (SMF) 200 mT exposure on the expression of relA and spoT genes in Salmonella enterica Hadar. Bacteria were exposed to a SMF during 9 h, and RNA extraction was followed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The relative quantification of mRNA expression levels using the 16S rRNA reference gene did not change during the SMF exposure. However, results showed a significant increase in gene expression for relA after 3 h of exposure (P < 0.05) and after 6 h for spoT (P < 0.05). The differential gene expression of relA and spoT could be considered as a potential stress response to a SMF exposure in Salmonella related to the production/degradation of (p)ppGpp.