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Regulation of platelet dense granule secretion by the Ral GTPase-exocyst pathway.

Research paper by Mitsunori M Kawato, Ryutaro R Shirakawa, Hirokazu H Kondo, Tomohito T Higashi, Tomoyuki T Ikeda, Katsuya K Okawa, Shuya S Fukai, Osamu O Nureki, Toru T Kita, Hisanori H Horiuchi

Indexed on: 17 Oct '07Published on: 17 Oct '07Published in: Journal of Biological Chemistry



Abstract

Non-hydrolyzable GTP analogues, such as guanosine 5'-(beta, gamma-imido)triphosphate (GppNHp), induce granule secretion from permeabilized platelets in the absence of increased intracellular Ca(2+). Here, we show that the GppNHp-induced dense granule secretion from permeabilized platelets occurred concomitantly with the activation of small GTPase Ral. This secretion was inhibited by the addition of GTP-Ral-binding domain (RBD) of Sec5, which is a component of the exocyst complex known to function as a tethering factor at the plasma membrane for vesicles. We generated an antibody against Sec5-RBD, which abolished the interaction between GTP-Ral and the exocyst complex in vitro. The addition of this antibody inhibited the GppNHp-induced secretion. These data indicate that Ral mediates the GppNHp-induced dense granule secretion from permeabilized platelets through interaction with its effector, the exocyst complex. Furthermore, GppNHp enhanced the Ca(2+) sensitivity of dense granule secretion from permeabilized platelets, and this enhancement was inhibited by Sec5-RBD. In intact platelets, the association between Ral and the exocyst complex was induced by thrombin stimulation with a time course similar to that of dense granule secretion and Ral activation. Taken together, our results suggest that the Ral-exocyst pathway participates in the regulation of platelet dense granule secretion by enhancing the Ca(2+) sensitivity of the secretion.