Regeneration of Anti-Protons in Ultrarelativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions

Research paper by R. Rapp, E. V. Shuryak

Indexed on: 01 Apr '01Published on: 01 Apr '01Published in: High Energy Physics - Phenomenology


The production and annihilation of antiprotons in the hadronic phase of heavy-ion collisions is evaluated within a thermal equilibrium approach. It is shown that the inverse reaction of $p\bar p$ annihilation (i.e., multi-pion annihilation $N_\pi \pi\to p\bar p$ with $N_\pi\simeq$~5-7) in connection with oversaturation of pion phase space (i.e., finite pion chemical potentials) plays an important role in understanding the observed antiproton yields at SpS energies within the standard picture of subsequent chemical and thermal freezeout. Implications for RHIC energies are also addressed.