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Reduction in Retinal Thickness Fluctuations After Treatment With Fluocinolone Acetonide Implant for DME: A Post-Hoc Analysis of the USER Study.

Research paper by Christopher D CD Riemann, Alexander M AM Eaton, Antonio A Cutino

Indexed on: 09 Jun '20Published on: 09 Jun '20Published in: Ophthalmic surgery, lasers & imaging retina



Abstract

Assess fluocinolone acetonide implant (FAc) effects on diabetic macular edema (DME) retinal thickness fluctuations. A post-hoc chart review of the real-world USER study analyzed patients receiving 0.2 μg/day FAc implant. The percentage of eyes with central subfield thickness (CST) of 300 µm or less were compared pre- and post-FAc implant; mean retinal thickness amplitude (RTA), retinal thickness standard deviation (RTSD), and two case studies were analyzed. One hundred thirty patients (mean age: 69.6 years) presented; CST was available for 120 of 160 treated eyes. Mean RTA decreased significantly post-FAc implant (P < .001) regardless of baseline visual acuity (VA). Correlations with last-observed VA (R) were: RTA, 0.1197; retinal thickness standard deviation (RTSD), 0.1526; and area under the CST-time curve (AUC CST), 0.0981. After FAc implant, the percentage of eyes with CST of 300 μm or less was significantly greater versus baseline (P < .05). Retinal thickness fluctuations significantly declined after FAc and correlated with improvement in VA. Both RTSD and RTA measures correlated more closely to last observed VA than AUC CST itself. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2020;51:298-306.]. © 2020 Riemann, Eaton, Cutino.